Showtime: Saturday, September 21, 0611h EDT
A morning show to accommodate our UK guest Robert Newman.
The Age of Enlightenment (or simply the Enlightenment or Age of Reason) was acultural movement of intellectuals beginning in the late 17th and 18th century Europe emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition. Its purpose was to reform society using reason, challenge ideas grounded in tradition and faith, and advance knowledge through the scientific method. It promoted scientific thought, skepticism and intellectual interchange. It opposed superstition and intolerance, with the Catholic church a favorite target. Some Enlightenment philosophes collaborated with Enlightened despots, who were absolute rulers who tried out some of the new governmental ideas in practice. The ideas of the Enlightenment have had a long-term major impact on the culture, politics, and governments of the Western world.
The Frankfurt School (German: Frankfurter Schule) was a school ofneo-Marxist interdisciplinary social theory, associated in part with theInstitute for Social Research at the University of Frankfurt am Main. The school initially consisted of dissident Marxists who believed that some of Marx‘s followers had come to parrot a narrow selection of Marx’s ideas, usually in defense of orthodox Communist parties. Meanwhile, many of these theorists believed that traditional Marxist theory could not adequately explain the turbulent and unexpected development of capitalist societies in the twentieth century. Critical of both capitalism and Soviet socialism, their writings pointed to the possibility of an alternative path to social development.
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