Diary of Anne Frank
|Diary of Anne Frank|
| People waiting in line in front of the Anne Frank|
Museum in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
|Official name||Diary of Anne Frank|
|Story Perps/s||Otto Frank|
First publication of the so called Diary of Anne Frank under the title Het Achterhuis. Dagboekbrieven 14 Juni 1942 – 1 Augustus 1944 (The Annex: Diary Notes 14 June 1942 – 1 August 1944) by Contact Publishing in Amsterdam in 1947.
The English version alone, under the title Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl, has sold more than 4,000,000 copies to date.
The Diary of a Young Girl, also known as The Diary of Anne Frank, is a book of the writings from the Dutch language diary kept by Anne Frank while she was in hiding for two years with her family during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. The family was apprehended in 1944, and Anne Frank died of typhus in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in 1945. The diary was retrieved by Miep Gies, who gave it to Anne's father, Otto Frank, the family's only known survivor, just after the war was over. The diary has since been published in more than 60 languages.
First published under the title Het Achterhuis. Dagboekbrieven 14 Juni 1942 – 1 Augustus 1944 (The Annex: Diary Notes 14 June 1942 – 1 August 1944) by Contact Publishing in Amsterdam in 1947, the diary received widespread critical and popular attention on the appearance of its English language translation Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl by Doubleday & Company (United States) and Valentine Mitchell (United Kingdom) in 1952.
Its popularity inspired the 1955 play The Diary of Anne Frank by the screenwriters Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett, which they adapted for the screen for the 1959 movie version. The book is included in several lists of the top books of the 20th century.
The copyright of the Dutch version of the diary, published in 1947, expired on 1 January 2016, 70 years after the author's death as a result of a general rule in copyright law of the European Union. Following this, the original Dutch version was made available online.
The work was translated in 1950 in German and French, before it appeared in 1952 in the US in English. The critical version was also translated into Chinese. As of 2015, the website of the Anne Frank Fonds records translations in over 60 languages.
The authenticity of the book is disputed. Sources for the authenticity debate:
- Der Spiegel: Was schrieb das Kind? (What did the child write?) http://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/print/d-42624942.html (article in German)
- About the Der Spiegel's revelations https://nationalvanguard.org/2015/01/anne-frank-hoax-exposed/
- Gilad Azmon: The diary of Anne Frank 5.0 http://www.gilad.co.uk/writings/2016/8/3/the-diary-of-anne-frank-50-an-update
As an element of the Jewism-Antisemtism narrative, which is one of the main division and conflict narratives of the 20th century, the Anne Frank story functions as an booster and repeater of a false dichotomy. In this sense, regardless of the authenticity question, the massive propagation and adaptation of the story by theater, television, cinema etc. as well as the massive consumption of these productions, indicate the use of the story as a generic meme and - as a side effect - a money making enterprise.
- Wikipedia: Diary of Anne Frank[MSM 1]
- Anne Frank House, Amsterdam, Netherlands https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Frank_House
- Anne Frank Zentrum, Berlin, Germany https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Frank_Zentrum
- Anne Frank Human Rights Memorial, Idaho, US https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Frank_Human_Rights_Memorial
- The Diary of Anne Frank (1959 film), 1959 adaptation directed by George Stevens
- Anne no Nikki, 1995 Japanese anime film
- The Diary of Anne Frank (opera) (composed in 1968, first performed in 1972), mono-opera composed by Grigory Frid
- The Diary of Anne Frank radio play (1952), adaptation by Meyer Levin
- The Diary of Anne Frank (1967 film), TV film directed by Alex Segal
- The Diary of Anne Frank (1980 film), TV adaptation directed by Boris Sagal
- The Diary of Anne Frank (1987 miniseries), a 1987 BBC televised miniseries
- The Diary of Anne Frank (2009 miniseries), a 2009 BBC adaptation directed by Jon Jones
- The Diary of Anne Frank (play) (premiered in 1955), stage adaptation by Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett
- Time magazine considered Anne Frank one of The Most Important People of the 20th Century.
- A picture of Anne Frank appears in LIFEs 100 Photos that Changed the World.
- Philip Roth — U.S. novelist whose novel The Ghost Writer (1979) imagines Anne Frank surviving World War II and living anonymously as a writer in the United States.
- Geoff Ryman's novel 253 features an elderly Anne Frank as a passenger on the London Underground.
- In Douglas Coupland's book Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture, two of the characters have a discussion about World War II. Anne Frank is brought up as an example (the only one given) of someone who became famous because of the war but did not personally profit from that fame.
- In the novel The Company of the Dead by David J. Kowalski, which depicts a timeline in which the Titanic sank later and different survivors escaped the disaster, a reference is made to Anne Frank as a pro-German writer in the new timeline (although it should be noted that it is also suggested that the Nazi party never rose to power in this reality, as Germany won the First World War without America becoming involved in the conflict and Hitler is specifically identified as an artist rather than a political figure in the new timeline).
- The book The Freedom Writers Diary (and its 2007 film adaptation) chronicles the lives of high school students whose English teacher encourages them to read The Diary of Anne Frank. Through their experience with the book, the students then raised funds to bring Miep Gies, the woman whose house Anne Frank hid in, to their high school to speak with them of her experience with Anne. The events portrayed in the book and the film are actual events due to the impression caused by reading the diary.
- Anne Frank Conquers the Moon Nazis, a tongue-in-cheek webcomic by Bill Mudron, about a resurrected Anne Frank rebuilt cybernetically to defend the Earth from an extraterrestrial Nazi assault, ran online until 2003.
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- Excelsior Studios Retrieved March 17, 2006.