File:Project Paperclip Team at Fort Bliss.jpg

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Group of 104 German rocket scientists in 1946, including Wernher von Braun,[1] Ludwig Roth and Arthur Rudolph, at Fort Bliss, Texas. The group had been subdivided into two sections: a smaller one at White Sands Proving Grounds for test launches and the larger at Fort Bliss for research.[2] Many had worked to develop the V-2 Rocket at Peenemünde Germany and came to the U.S. after World War II, subsequently working on various rockets including the Explorer 1 Space rocket and the Saturn (rocket) at NASA.

Titles and Captions in Published Books

  • Von Braun Rocket Team at Fort Bliss, Texas[3]
  • Members of the German rocket team who worked on rockets for Army Ordnance under Paperclip are shown at White Sands Proving Ground, New Mexico, in 1946[4]
  • Peenemünde's core personnel is reassembled at White Sands, New Mexico, in 1946.[5]
  • Von Braun group at White Sands Proving Ground, 1946[6]
This image or video was catalogued by one of the centers of the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) under Photo ID: [;?id=MSFC-8915531 NIX MSFC-8915531] and Alternate ID: [ MIX 840].

This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing.

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Public domain
This file is in the public domain in the United States because it was solely created by NASA. NASA copyright policy states that "NASA material is not protected by copyright unless noted". (See Template:PD-USGov, NASA copyright policy page or JPL Image Use Policy.)
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Other versions A similar photo of the group that includes the missing Mrazek (SI neg. no. 77-14246)[5] can be viewed along with an image key at Wernher von Braun 1940's Gallery. Also Project Paperclip Team at Fort Bliss crop.jpgZuordnung

Alphabetical Listing

AnnotationsThis image is annotated: View the annotations at Commons
Alphabetical List
ImageNote Number Surname Name Other information
33 Wilhelm Angele
9 Dr. Herbert Axster Argentina group
34 Erich K. Ball Argentina group
98 Oscar Bauschinger Argentina group
90 Gerd W. de Beek Argentina group
11 Rudolf Beichel Argentina group
86 Anton Beier Argentina group
45 Herbert Bergeler
104 Hermann M. Beuderftig Argentina group
30 Josef Boehm
Magnus[7] Von Braun Argentina group
73 Dr. Wernher Von Braun September group
Erhardt[7] Bruenecke
80 Dr. Theodor Buchhold
101 Walter Burose
92 Konrad K. Dannenberg Argentina group
3 Dr. Kurt Debus
17 Friedrich Dhom
Herbert[7] Dobrick
28 Gerhard P. Drawe Argentina group
21 Friedrich Duerr Argentina group
26 Otto K. Eisenhardt Argentina group
42 Hans Fichtner Argentina group
38 Alfred J. Finzel Argentina group
4 Dr. Edward Fischel
102 Karl Fleischer Argentina group
15 Dr. Hans Friedrich
39 Herbert Fuhrmann Argentina group
20 Dr. Ernst Geissler Argentina group
103 Werner Gengelbach Argentina group
71 Dieter E. Grau
5 Dr. Hans F. Gruene Argentina group
41 Herbert Guendel
Johann[7] Gustav
43 Dr. Karl Hager Argentina group
16 Guenther H. Haukohl Argentina group
19 Karl L. Heimburg
96 Emil A. H. Hellebrand Argentina group
29 Gerhard Heller
12 Bruno K. Helm Argentina group
Alfred H[7] Henning
35 Bruno K. Heusinger Argentina group
105 Guenther Hintze
82 Otto Hirschler Argentina group
75 Otto A. Hoberg Argentina group
48 Dr. Rudolf Hoelker Argentina group
Helmut Hoelzer
13 Oscar Holderer Argentina group
Helmut[7] Horn Argentina group
97 Hans Henning Hosenthien Argentina group
Hans[7] Hueter Argentina group
Dieter K. F.[7] Huzel Central Falls group[2]
70 Walter W. Jacobi Argentina group
2 Wilhelm Jungert September group
49 Erich K. Kaschig Argentina group
65 Ernst K. Klauss Argentina group
Johann[7] Klein Argentina group
44 Werner R. Kuers Argentina group
67 Hermann Lange Argentina group
Hans Lindenberg Florence Nightingale group[2]
58 Hans J. Lindenmayr Argentina group
1 Kurt Lindner Argentina group
24 Hannes Lührsen
Carl Heinz[7] Mandel
Dr. William Mrazek
46 Hans H. Maus
69 Helmut Merk Argentina group
99 Dr. Joseph Michel Argentina group
23 Hans W. Milde
91 Heinz Millinger
14 Rudolf Minning
31 Dr. J. W. Muehlner
37 Dr. Fritz Mueller Argentina group
94 Erich W. Neubert September group
Kurt Kunibert Karlmann[7] Neuhoefer Argentina group
36 Max E. Novak Argentina group
68 Robert Paetz
93 Hans R. Palaoro
25 Kurt E. Patt Argentina group
60 Hans G. Paul Argentina group
83 Theodor A. Poppel September group
81 Dr. Eberhard Friedrich Michael Rees September group
Walther Johannes[7] Riedel
64 Gerhard H. Reisig
50 Werner Rosinski
62 Ludwig Roth Argentina group
61 Heinrich C. Rothe
32 Dr. Arthur Rudolph
51 Heinz Ludwig Schnarowski Argentina group
100 Klaus Eduard Scheufelen
56 Dr. Martin Schilling Argentina group
88 Rudolf Karl Hans Schlidt Argentina group
8 Dr. Helmuth Schlitt Argentina group
Helmut Heinrich[7] Schmidt Argentina group
57 Albert E. Schuler Argentina group
76 William A. Schulze September group
72 Friedrich Schwarz
47 Dr. Walter Hans Schwidetzky September group
Karl[7] Sendler Argentina group
Eberhard Julius[7] Spohn
95 Dr. Werner Sieber
63 Dr. Ernst Steinhoff Argentina group
89 Dr. Wolfgang Steurur Argentina group
40 Dr. Ernst Stuhlinger Central Falls group[2]
27 Dr. Johann G. Tschinkel Argentina group
18 Bernhard Tessmann Argentina group
78 Dr. Adolf K. Thiel
54 Werner Tiller
53 Arthur Urbanski Argentina group
52 Fritz Vandersee Argentina group
85 Werner E. Voss
10 Theodor K. Vowe
66 Dr. Hermann Weidner
79 Walter Wiesman
74 Albin E. Wittmann
55 Hugo Woerdemann Argentina group
87 Albert Zeiler
59 Helmut Zoike

Additional German World War II rocket scientists recruited to US locations other than Fort Bliss (many to Wright Field) included Werner K. Dahm, Walter Dornberger, Ernst Eckert, Krafft Ehricke, Walter Häussermann, Rudolph Hermann, Hermann Kurzweg, Hermann Oberth, Georg Rickhey, and Harry Ruppe.

References and footnotes

  2. a b c d Huzel, Dieter K () Peenemünde to Canaveral, Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice Hall, pp. p210,214 NOTES:
    • p187: Lt Col Dr Herbert Axster was a Peenemünde staff officer.
    • p210: In addition to Huzel and Stuhlinger, Dr Lippisch was on the Central Falls.
  4. Hunt, Linda () Secret Agenda: The United States Government, Nazi Scientists, and Project Paperclip, 1945 to 1990, Category:New York: St.Martin's Press, pp. p148h ISBN: 0312055102. NOTE: The caption by Hunt is for the photo that includes Mrazek.
  5. a b Neufeld, Michael J () The Rocket and the Reich: Peenemünde and the Coming of the Ballistic Missile Era, Category:New York: The Free Press, pp. p210h NOTE: The caption by Neufeld is for the photo that includes Mrazek.
  6. () The Rocket Team, Apogee Books Space Series 36, Category:New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, pp. p318d NOTES:
    • p40: Professor Buchhold had been the chair of electrical engineering at Darmstadt
    • p41: Professor Carl Wagner was a physical chemist who would follow von Braun to the US
    • p293: Dr Ernst Geissler was the chief of the unit studying the Wasserfall flight dynamics and control system at Bansin and Pudalga, 27 km SE of Peenemünde.
    • p301: After evacuating Peenemünde, von Braun, his brother Magnus, Kurt Lindner, and von Braun's secretary Hannelore Bannasch found quarters in Wilheim 32 km S of Oberammergau
    • p302: Holker was a flight dynamicist
    • p358: A third group from Landshut left Le Havre on November 21 and arrived at New York on December 6, 1945 via the USS Florence Nightingale (AP-70)
    • p392: Hans Palaoro completed a meticulous drawing of a proposed ramjet engine while at Ft Bliss (his boss was Dr. Gerhard Heller)
    • p393: Grüne assembled gyroscopes for WSMR V-2 rockets
      p420: Grüne and Hannes Lührsen converted part of a former Ft Bliss army hospital into a Guidance and Control Laboratory for Dr. Theodor Buchhold
    • p393: Gerd de Beek was the Peenemünde chief illustrator
    • p396: In October 1947, Herbert Dobrick, Friedrich Dohm, Kurt Neuhoffer, and Klaus Scheuffelen were the first to live in the local Ft Bliss economy while working on the Loki missile by Bendix Corporation's Pioneer Division (Teterboro NJ), which was the follow-on to the German Taifun missile.
    • p416: Wilhelm Angele and Hans Friedrich designed and built the steeple for a former funeral home when the German families helped to organize the St Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church in Huntsville AL.
    • p416: St Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church (Huntsville AL) members such as Martin Schilling, Johann Tschinkel, Hans Fichtner, Herbert Furmann, and Otto Eisenhardt worked on refurbishing the former funeral home acquired for the church.
    • p416: Eagle Scouts of Boy Scout Troop 13 (St Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church, Huntsville AL) included sons of rocket scientists Erich Ball (Eberhard), Emil Hellebrand (Bernd), Gerhard Heller (Rainer), and Martin Schilling (Harmuth).
    • p416: Hans Palaoro completed a meticulous drawing of a proposed ramjet engine while at Ft Bliss (his boss was Dr. Gerhard Heller).
    • p416: Wilhelm Angele and Hans Friedrich designed and built the steeple for a former funeral home when the German families helped to organize the St Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church in Huntsville AL.
    • p420: Hans Maus was in charge of the Manufacturing Division of the Guided Missile Development Center
    • p420: Grüne and Hannes Lührsen converted part of a former Ft Bliss army hospital into a Guidance and Control Laboratory for Dr. Theodor Buchhold
    • p422: Walter Schwidetsky, who had arrived in the US with von Braun, worked on the Atlas project.
    • p451: Wilhelm Angele developed a machine to produce spheres with roundess to one millionth of an inch-- one was used in a space experiment to prove Einstein's theory of relativity
    • p451: Karl Heimburg and Bernhard Tessmann were experts in rocket testing
    • p451: Walter Burose, Hans Hüter, Josef Böhm, and Gerhard Heller are buried at the Maple Hill Cemetary in Huntsville AL
    • p451: Hans Paul was an expert in heat transfer
    • p451: After retirement, Dr Werner Sieber was a materials specialist who studied solar-energy collectors at the Johnson Environmental and Energy Center at the Univ of Alabama at Huntsville
  7. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named JIOA

File history

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current12:38, 16 October 2005Thumbnail for version as of 12:38, 16 October 20053,000 × 1,310 (2.81 MB)StwThe German Rocket Team, also known as the Von Braun Rocket Team, poses for a group photograph at Fort Bliss, Texas. After World War II ended in 1945, Dr. Wernher von Braun led some 120 of his Peenemuende Colleagues, who developed the V-2 rocket for the Ge

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