Difference between revisions of "Space fakery"

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(Space telescopes: planetary missions)
(Planetary missions)
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! style="width:10%" | Name !! style="width:7%" | [[:Category:Psyops by year|Year launched]] !! style="width:7%" | [[:Category:Psyops by date|Date launched]] !! "width:3%" | Operators !! style="width:35%" | Description !! style="width:10%" | Primary targets !! style="width:10%" | Secondary targets !! "width:5%" | Notes
 
! style="width:10%" | Name !! style="width:7%" | [[:Category:Psyops by year|Year launched]] !! style="width:7%" | [[:Category:Psyops by date|Date launched]] !! "width:3%" | Operators !! style="width:35%" | Description !! style="width:10%" | Primary targets !! style="width:10%" | Secondary targets !! "width:5%" | Notes
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Mariner 10]] || align=center | [[:Category:1973 psyops|1973]] || align=center | [[:Category:11/03 psyops|11/03]] || [[NASA]] || NASA set a strict limit of $98 million for Mariner 10's total cost, which marked the first time the agency subjected a mission to an inflexible budget constraint. No overruns would be tolerated. || [[Mercury]], [[Venus]] || [[Earth]], [[Moon]] || align=center | <ref name=WikiMariner10 group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariner_10 Wikipedia - Mariner 10]</ref>
+
| '''Mariner 10''' || align=center | [[:Category:1973 psyops|1973]] || align=center | [[:Category:11/03 psyops|11/03]] || [[NASA]] || NASA set a strict limit of $98 million for Mariner 10's total cost, which marked the first time the agency subjected a mission to an inflexible budget constraint. No overruns would be tolerated. || [[Mercury]], [[Venus]] || [[Earth]], [[Moon]] || align=center | <ref name=WikiMariner10 group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariner_10 Wikipedia - Mariner 10]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Viking 1]] || align=center | [[:Category:1975 psyops|1975]] || align=center | [[:Category:08/20 psyops|08/20]] || [[NASA]] || Scientists found that the observed Shapiro delays of the signals matched the predictions of [[General Relativity]]. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiViking1 group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viking_1 Wikipedia - Viking 1]</ref>
+
| '''Viking 1''' || align=center | [[:Category:1975 psyops|1975]] || align=center | [[:Category:08/20 psyops|08/20]] || [[NASA]] || Scientists found that the observed Shapiro delays of the signals matched the predictions of [[General Relativity]]. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiViking1 group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viking_1 Wikipedia - Viking 1]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Voyager 2]] || align=center | [[:Category:1977 psyops|1977]] || align=center | [[:Category:08/20 psyops|08/20]] || [[NASA]] || Voyager 2 is expected to keep transmitting weak radio messages until at least 2025, over 48 years after it was launched. || [[Jupiter]], [[Saturn]] || [[Uranus]], [[Neptune]] || align=center | <ref name=WikiVoyager2 group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voyager_2 Wikipedia - Voyager 2]</ref>
+
| '''Voyager 2''' || align=center | [[:Category:1977 psyops|1977]] || align=center | [[:Category:08/20 psyops|08/20]] || [[NASA]] || Voyager 2 is expected to keep transmitting weak radio messages until at least 2025, over 48 years after it was launched. || [[Jupiter]], [[Saturn]] || [[Uranus]], [[Neptune]] || align=center | <ref name=WikiVoyager2 group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voyager_2 Wikipedia - Voyager 2]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Pioneer 12]] || align=center | [[:Category:1978 psyops|1978]] || align=center | [[:Category:05/28 psyops|05/28]] || [[NASA]] || The most remarkable discovery was that the ratio of <sup>36</sup>Ar/<sup>40</sup>Ar isotopes much higher than in the atmosphere which seems to indicate that the genesis of the Venusian atmosphere is very different from that of Earth. || [[Venus]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiPioneer12 group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pioneer_Venus_Orbiter Wikipedia - Pioneer 12]</ref>
+
| '''Pioneer 12''' || align=center | [[:Category:1978 psyops|1978]] || align=center | [[:Category:05/28 psyops|05/28]] || [[NASA]] || The most remarkable discovery was that the ratio of <sup>36</sup>Ar/<sup>40</sup>Ar isotopes much higher than in the atmosphere which seems to indicate that the genesis of the Venusian atmosphere is very different from that of Earth. || [[Venus]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiPioneer12 group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pioneer_Venus_Orbiter Wikipedia - Pioneer 12]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Mars Global Surveyor]] || align=center | [[:Category:1996 psyops|1996]] || align=center | [[:Category:11/07 psyops|11/07]] || [[NASA]] || On 6 December 2006 NASA released photos of two craters in Terra Sirenum and Centauri Montes which appear to show the presence of flowing water on Mars at some point between 1999 and 2001. The pictures were produced by Mars Global Surveyor and are quite possibly the spacecraft's final contribution to our knowledge of Mars and the question of whether water exists on the planet. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiMarsGlobalSurveyor group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Global_Surveyor Wikipedia - Mars Global Surveyor]</ref>
+
| '''Mars Global Surveyor''' || align=center | [[:Category:1996 psyops|1996]] || align=center | [[:Category:11/07 psyops|11/07]] || [[NASA]] || On 6 December 2006 NASA released photos of two craters in Terra Sirenum and Centauri Montes which appear to show the presence of flowing water on Mars at some point between 1999 and 2001. The pictures were produced by Mars Global Surveyor and are quite possibly the spacecraft's final contribution to our knowledge of Mars and the question of whether water exists on the planet. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiMarsGlobalSurveyor group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Global_Surveyor Wikipedia - Mars Global Surveyor]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Mars Pathfinder]] || align=center | [[:Category:1996 psyops|1996]] || align=center | [[:Category:12/04 psyops|12/04]] || [[NASA]] || The lander sent more than 2.3 billion bits of information including 16,500 pictures and made 8.5 million measurements of the atmospheric pressure, temperature and wind speed. Although the mission was planned to last from a week to a month, the rover operated successfully for almost three months. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiMarsPathfinder group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Pathfinder Wikipedia - Mars Pathfinder]</ref>
+
| '''Mars Pathfinder''' || align=center | [[:Category:1996 psyops|1996]] || align=center | [[:Category:12/04 psyops|12/04]] || [[NASA]] || The lander sent more than 2.3 billion bits of information including 16,500 pictures and made 8.5 million measurements of the atmospheric pressure, temperature and wind speed. Although the mission was planned to last from a week to a month, the rover operated successfully for almost three months. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiMarsPathfinder group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Pathfinder Wikipedia - Mars Pathfinder]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Cassini-Huygens|Cassini]] || align=center | [[:Category:1997 psyops|1997]] || align=center | [[:Category:10/15 psyops|10/15]] || [[NASA]], [[ESA]],<br>ASI ([[:Category:Psyops in Italy|Italy]]) || Its mission ended on September 15, 2017, when Cassini's trajectory took it into Saturn's upper atmosphere and it burned up '''in order to prevent any risk of contaminating Saturn's moons, which might have offered habitable environments to stowaway terrestrial microbes on the spacecraft'''. || [[Saturn]], [[moons of Saturn]] || [[Moon]], [[Venus]], [[Jupiter]] || align=center | <ref name=Wiki group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cassini%E2%80%93Huygens Wikipedia - Cassini-Huygens]</ref>
+
| '''Cassini''' || align=center | [[:Category:1997 psyops|1997]] || align=center | [[:Category:10/15 psyops|10/15]] || [[NASA]], [[ESA]],<br>ASI ([[:Category:Psyops in Italy|Italy]]) || Its mission ended on September 15, 2017, when Cassini's trajectory took it into Saturn's upper atmosphere and it burned up '''in order to prevent any risk of contaminating Saturn's moons, which might have offered habitable environments to stowaway terrestrial microbes on the spacecraft'''. || [[Saturn]], [[moons of Saturn]] || [[Moon]], [[Venus]], [[Jupiter]] || align=center | <ref name=Wiki group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cassini%E2%80%93Huygens Wikipedia - Cassini-Huygens]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[2001 Mars Odyssey]] || align=center | [[:Category:2001 psyops|2001]] || align=center | [[:Category:04/07 psyops|04/07]] || [[NASA]] || The mission was named as a tribute to Arthur C. Clarke, evoking the name of ''2001: A Space Odyssey''. By December 15, 2010, it broke the record for longest serving spacecraft at Mars, with 3,340 days of operation. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiMarsOdyssey group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2001_Mars_Odyssey Wikipedia - 2001 Mars Odyssey]</ref>
+
| '''2001 Mars Odyssey''' || align=center | [[:Category:2001 psyops|2001]] || align=center | [[:Category:04/07 psyops|04/07]] || [[NASA]] || The mission was named as a tribute to Arthur C. Clarke, evoking the name of ''2001: A Space Odyssey''. By December 15, 2010, it broke the record for longest serving spacecraft at Mars, with 3,340 days of operation. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiMarsOdyssey group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2001_Mars_Odyssey Wikipedia - 2001 Mars Odyssey]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Mars Express]]/[[Beagle 2]] || align=center | [[:Category:2003 psyops|2003]] || align=center | [[:Category:06/02 psyops|06/02]] || [[ESA]] || The spacecraft's fate remained a mystery until it was announced in January 2015 that NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, using HiRISE, had found the probe intact on the surface of Mars. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiMarsExpress group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Express Wikipedia - Mars Express]</ref><br><ref name=WikiBeagle2 group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beagle_2 Wikipedia - Beagle 2]</ref>
+
| '''Mars Express'''/'''Beagle 2''' || align=center | [[:Category:2003 psyops|2003]] || align=center | [[:Category:06/02 psyops|06/02]] || [[ESA]] || The spacecraft's fate remained a mystery until it was announced in January 2015 that NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, using HiRISE, had found the probe intact on the surface of Mars. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiMarsExpress group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Express Wikipedia - Mars Express]</ref><br><ref name=WikiBeagle2 group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beagle_2 Wikipedia - Beagle 2]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Spirit]] || align=center | [[:Category:2003 psyops|2003]] || align=center | [[:Category:06/10 psyops|06/10]] || [[NASA]] || The primary surface mission for Spirit was '''planned to last at least 90 sols'''. The mission received several extensions and '''lasted about 2,208 sols'''. On August 11, 2007, Spirit obtained the second longest operational duration on the surface of Mars for a lander or rover at 1282 Sols, '''one sol longer than the Viking 2 lander'''. Viking 2 was powered by a '''[[Nuke Hoax|nuclear cell]]''' whereas Spirit is powered by '''solar arrays'''. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiSpirit group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spirit_(rover) Wikipedia - Spirit]</ref>
+
| '''Spirit''' || align=center | [[:Category:2003 psyops|2003]] || align=center | [[:Category:06/10 psyops|06/10]] || [[NASA]] || The primary surface mission for Spirit was '''planned to last at least 90 sols'''. The mission received several extensions and '''lasted about 2,208 sols'''. On August 11, 2007, Spirit obtained the second longest operational duration on the surface of Mars for a lander or rover at 1282 Sols, '''one sol longer than the Viking 2 lander'''. Viking 2 was powered by a '''[[Nuke Hoax|nuclear cell]]''' whereas Spirit is powered by '''solar arrays'''. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiSpirit group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spirit_(rover) Wikipedia - Spirit]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Opportunity rover]] || align=center | [[:Category:2003 psyops|2003]] || align=center | [[:Category:07/07 psyops|07/07]] || [[NASA]] || Opportunity remains active as of March 15, 2018, having exceeded its operating plan by 13 years, 323 days (in Earth time). Opportunity has continued to move, make scientific observations, and report back to Earth for over '''[[Numerology#55|55]] times its designed lifespan'''. In December 2014, NASA reported that Opportunity was suffering from "amnesia" events in which the rover fails to write data, e.g. telemetry information, to non-volatile memory. The hardware failure is believed to be due to an age-related fault in one of the rover's seven memory banks. As a result, NASA had aimed to force the rover's software to ignore the failed memory bank, however amnesia events continued to occur which eventually resulted in vehicle resets. In light of this, on Sol 4027 (May 23, 2015), the rover was configured to operate in RAM-only mode, completely avoiding the use of non-volatile memory for storage. As of March 15, 2018, Opportunity is still functioning on the surface of Mars, and is slated for further scientific exploration. '''It is currently parked in its 8th Martian winter and should 'wake up' around the end of March 2018.''' || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiOpportunity group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opportunity_(rover) Wikipedia - Opportunity rover]</ref>
+
| '''Opportunity rover''' || align=center | [[:Category:2003 psyops|2003]] || align=center | [[:Category:07/07 psyops|07/07]] || [[NASA]] || Opportunity remains active as of March 15, 2018, having exceeded its operating plan by 13 years, 323 days (in Earth time). Opportunity has continued to move, make scientific observations, and report back to Earth for over '''[[Numerology#55|55]] times its designed lifespan'''. In December 2014, NASA reported that Opportunity was suffering from "amnesia" events in which the rover fails to write data, e.g. telemetry information, to non-volatile memory. The hardware failure is believed to be due to an age-related fault in one of the rover's seven memory banks. As a result, NASA had aimed to force the rover's software to ignore the failed memory bank, however amnesia events continued to occur which eventually resulted in vehicle resets. In light of this, on Sol 4027 (May 23, 2015), the rover was configured to operate in RAM-only mode, completely avoiding the use of non-volatile memory for storage. As of March 15, 2018, Opportunity is still functioning on the surface of Mars, and is slated for further scientific exploration. '''It is currently parked in its 8th Martian winter and should 'wake up' around the end of March 2018.''' || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiOpportunity group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opportunity_(rover) Wikipedia - Opportunity rover]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Rosetta]] || align=center | [[:Category:2004 psyops|2004]] || align=center | [[:Category:03/02 psyops|03/02]] || [[ESA]] || The Rosetta mission orbited Comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko for 17 months and was designed to complete the most detailed study of a comet ever attempted. Rosetta's Philae lander successfully made the first soft landing on a comet nucleus when it touched down on Comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko on 12 November 2014. The probe also flew in the shadow of Mars. During that encounter, the solar panels could not be used since the craft was in the planet's shadow, where it would not receive any solar light for 15 minutes, causing a dangerous shortage of power. The craft was therefore put into standby mode, with no possibility to communicate, '''flying on batteries that were originally not designed for this task'''. This Mars manoeuvre was therefore nicknamed "The Billion Euro Gamble". The flyby was successful, with Rosetta even returning detailed images of the surface and atmosphere of the planet, and the mission continued as planned. || [[Comet]] || [[Mars]] || align=center | <ref name=DTR206>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S_6vc739CaI Deep Thoughts Radio Ep 206: NASA Selling Doom]</ref><br><ref name=WikiRosetta group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosetta_(spacecraft) Wikipedia - Rosetta]</ref>
+
| '''Rosetta''' || align=center | [[:Category:2004 psyops|2004]] || align=center | [[:Category:03/02 psyops|03/02]] || [[ESA]] || The Rosetta mission orbited Comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko for 17 months and was designed to complete the most detailed study of a comet ever attempted. Rosetta's Philae lander successfully made the first soft landing on a comet nucleus when it touched down on Comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko on 12 November 2014. The probe also flew in the shadow of Mars. During that encounter, the solar panels could not be used since the craft was in the planet's shadow, where it would not receive any solar light for 15 minutes, causing a dangerous shortage of power. The craft was therefore put into standby mode, with no possibility to communicate, '''flying on batteries that were originally not designed for this task'''. This Mars manoeuvre was therefore nicknamed "The Billion Euro Gamble". The flyby was successful, with Rosetta even returning detailed images of the surface and atmosphere of the planet, and the mission continued as planned. || [[Comet]] || [[Mars]] || align=center | <ref name=DTR206>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S_6vc739CaI Deep Thoughts Radio Ep 206: NASA Selling Doom]</ref><br><ref name=WikiRosetta group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosetta_(spacecraft) Wikipedia - Rosetta]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter]] || align=center | [[:Category:2005 psyops|2005]] || align=center | [[:Category:08/12 psyops|08/12]] || [[NASA]] || It has enough propellant to keep functioning into the 2030s. An article in the journal ''Science'' in September 2009, reported that some new craters on Mars have excavated relatively pure water ice. After being exposed, the ice gradually fades as it sublimates away. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiMarsReconnaissanceOrbiter group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Reconnaissance_Orbiter Wikipedia - Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter]</ref>
+
| '''Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter''' || align=center | [[:Category:2005 psyops|2005]] || align=center | [[:Category:08/12 psyops|08/12]] || [[NASA]] || It has enough propellant to keep functioning into the 2030s. An article in the journal ''Science'' in September 2009, reported that some new craters on Mars have excavated relatively pure water ice. After being exposed, the ice gradually fades as it sublimates away. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiMarsReconnaissanceOrbiter group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Reconnaissance_Orbiter Wikipedia - Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[New Horizons]] || align=center | [[:Category:2006 psyops|2006]] || align=center | [[:Category:01/19 psyops|01/19]] || [[NASA]] || Images from July 1 to 3, 2013 by LORRI were the first by the probe to resolve Pluto and Charon as separate objects. || [[Pluto]], [[Charon]] || [[moons of Jupiter]] || align=center | <ref name=WikiNewHorizons group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Horizons Wikipedia - New Horizons]</ref>
+
| '''New Horizons''' || align=center | [[:Category:2006 psyops|2006]] || align=center | [[:Category:01/19 psyops|01/19]] || [[NASA]] || Images from July 1 to 3, 2013 by LORRI were the first by the probe to resolve Pluto and Charon as separate objects. || [[Pluto]], [[Charon]] || [[moons of Jupiter]] || align=center | <ref name=WikiNewHorizons group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Horizons Wikipedia - New Horizons]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Juno]] || align=center | [[:Category:2011 psyops|2011]] || align=center | [[:Category:08/05 psyops|08/05]] || [[NASA]] || Juno carries a plaque to Jupiter, dedicated to Galileo Galilei. The spacecraft also carries three Lego minifigures representing Galileo, the Roman god Jupiter, and his sister and wife, the goddess Juno. || [[Jupiter]] || [[Earth]] || align=center | <ref name=WikiJuno group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juno_(spacecraft) Wikipedia - Juno]</ref>
+
| '''Juno''' || align=center | [[:Category:2011 psyops|2011]] || align=center | [[:Category:08/05 psyops|08/05]] || [[NASA]] || Juno carries a plaque to Jupiter, dedicated to Galileo Galilei. The spacecraft also carries three Lego minifigures representing Galileo, the Roman god Jupiter, and his sister and wife, the goddess Juno. || [[Jupiter]] || [[Earth]] || align=center | <ref name=WikiJuno group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juno_(spacecraft) Wikipedia - Juno]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Curiosity rover]] || align=center | [[:Category:2011 psyops|2011]] || align=center | [[:Category:11/26 psyops|11/26]] || [[NASA]] || In December 2012, '''Curiosity's two-year mission was extended indefinitely'''. On August 5, 2017, NASA celebrated the fifth anniversary of the Curiosity rover landing and related exploratory accomplishments on the planet Mars. Curiosity's design will serve as the basis for the planned Mars 2020 rover. As of March 15, 2018, Curiosity has been on Mars for 1993 sols (2047 total days) since landing on August 6, 2012. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiCuriosity group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curiosity_(rover) Wikipedia - Curiosity rover]</ref>
+
| '''Curiosity rover''' || align=center | [[:Category:2011 psyops|2011]] || align=center | [[:Category:11/26 psyops|11/26]] || [[NASA]] || In December 2012, '''Curiosity's two-year mission was extended indefinitely'''. On August 5, 2017, NASA celebrated the fifth anniversary of the Curiosity rover landing and related exploratory accomplishments on the planet Mars. Curiosity's design will serve as the basis for the planned Mars 2020 rover. As of March 15, 2018, Curiosity has been on Mars for 1993 sols (2047 total days) since landing on August 6, 2012. || [[Mars]] ||  || align=center | <ref name=WikiCuriosity group="MSM">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curiosity_(rover) Wikipedia - Curiosity rover]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}

Revision as of 17:40, 15 March 2018

HiRISE image of MSL during EDL (refined)

Field of research investigating media fakery, science fakery etc. used by the space agencies, such as NASA to present to the public material about alleged space travel, Moonlandings and other fictional stories.
Fakeologist:[Fakeologist 1]

"NASA is the myth creator for Space"


Space fakery

330 billion dollars is spent on space. Each year.[1]

NASA, Soviet Space Program, other agencies

Name From year date To year date Types Location Information
Soviet space program,
Yuri Gagarin,
Earth orbit,
Manned mission
1961 04/12 1961 04/12 pscience,
Space,
Space travel
Soviet Union [MSM 1] [Cluesforum 1]
NASA,
Apollo program
Moon mission
Manned mission
Moon landing
1961 07/16 1972 12/19 pscience,
Space,
Space travel,
Moonlandings
United States [Fakeologist 2] [Fakeologist 3] [Cluesforum 2]
NASA,
Apollo program,
Moon mission,
Manned mission,
Moon landing,
Apollo 11
1969 07/20 1969 07/21 pscience,
Space,
Space travel,
Moon landing
United States [Fakeologist 4] [Fakeologist 5] [Fakeologist 6] [Fakeologist 7] [Fakeologist 8] [Fakeologist 9] [Cluesforum 3] [Cluesforum 4]
NASA
Apollo program
Moon mission
Manned mission
Moon landing
Apollo 13
1970 04/11 1970 04/17 pscience,
Space,
Space travel,
Moon mission
United States [Fakeologist 10] [MSM 2]
NASA,
Skylab
1973 05/14 1979 07/11 pscience,
Space,
Space travel,
Space station
United States [Cluesforum 5] [MSM 3]
NASA,
Space shuttle program,
Challenger Disaster
1986 01/28 1986 01/28 pscience,
Space,
Space travel,
Space station
United States [Cluesforum 6] [2] [MSM 4]
NASA,
Pale Blue Dot
1990 02/14 1990 02/14 pscience,
Space,
Space travel
United States [MSM 5]
NASA,
Space Shuttle
1992 05/07 2011 05/11 psience,
Space,
Space travel,
Space station
United States [MSM 6] [Cluesforum 7] [Cluesforum 8] [Cluesforum 9] [Fakeologist 11] [Fakeologist 12] [Fakeologist 13] [Fakeologist 14] [Fakeologist 15]
NASA,
ISS is lunched
1998 11/20 psience,
Space,
Space travel,
Space station
United States [Cluesforum 10] [MSM 7]
NASA,
ISS
Max Shuttleworth in space, calling Nelson Mandela, promoting AIDS research
2002 04/25 2002 05/05 psience,
Space,
Space travel,
Space station
United States [Fakeologist 16] [MSM 8]
NASA,
Mars Science Laboratory
Launch
2011
11/26 Landing 2012 08/06 psience,
Space,
Space travel
United States [MSM 9] [Cluesforum 11]
NASA,
Curiosity
Launch
2011
11/26 Landing 2012 08/06 psience,
Space,
Space travel
United States [MSM 10] [Cluesforum 12]

Planetary missions

After the Apollo program, missions to the different planets of our solar system have been claimed happened.[MSM 11][MSM 12][MSM 13][MSM 14]

Name Year launched Date launched Operators Description Primary targets Secondary targets Notes
Mariner 10 1973 11/03 NASA NASA set a strict limit of $98 million for Mariner 10's total cost, which marked the first time the agency subjected a mission to an inflexible budget constraint. No overruns would be tolerated. Mercury, Venus Earth, Moon [MSM 15]
Viking 1 1975 08/20 NASA Scientists found that the observed Shapiro delays of the signals matched the predictions of General Relativity. Mars [MSM 16]
Voyager 2 1977 08/20 NASA Voyager 2 is expected to keep transmitting weak radio messages until at least 2025, over 48 years after it was launched. Jupiter, Saturn Uranus, Neptune [MSM 17]
Pioneer 12 1978 05/28 NASA The most remarkable discovery was that the ratio of 36Ar/40Ar isotopes much higher than in the atmosphere which seems to indicate that the genesis of the Venusian atmosphere is very different from that of Earth. Venus [MSM 18]
Mars Global Surveyor 1996 11/07 NASA On 6 December 2006 NASA released photos of two craters in Terra Sirenum and Centauri Montes which appear to show the presence of flowing water on Mars at some point between 1999 and 2001. The pictures were produced by Mars Global Surveyor and are quite possibly the spacecraft's final contribution to our knowledge of Mars and the question of whether water exists on the planet. Mars [MSM 19]
Mars Pathfinder 1996 12/04 NASA The lander sent more than 2.3 billion bits of information including 16,500 pictures and made 8.5 million measurements of the atmospheric pressure, temperature and wind speed. Although the mission was planned to last from a week to a month, the rover operated successfully for almost three months. Mars [MSM 20]
Cassini 1997 10/15 NASA, ESA,
ASI (Italy)
Its mission ended on September 15, 2017, when Cassini's trajectory took it into Saturn's upper atmosphere and it burned up in order to prevent any risk of contaminating Saturn's moons, which might have offered habitable environments to stowaway terrestrial microbes on the spacecraft. Saturn, moons of Saturn Moon, Venus, Jupiter [MSM 21]
2001 Mars Odyssey 2001 04/07 NASA The mission was named as a tribute to Arthur C. Clarke, evoking the name of 2001: A Space Odyssey. By December 15, 2010, it broke the record for longest serving spacecraft at Mars, with 3,340 days of operation. Mars [MSM 22]
Mars Express/Beagle 2 2003 06/02 ESA The spacecraft's fate remained a mystery until it was announced in January 2015 that NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, using HiRISE, had found the probe intact on the surface of Mars. Mars [MSM 23]
[MSM 24]
Spirit 2003 06/10 NASA The primary surface mission for Spirit was planned to last at least 90 sols. The mission received several extensions and lasted about 2,208 sols. On August 11, 2007, Spirit obtained the second longest operational duration on the surface of Mars for a lander or rover at 1282 Sols, one sol longer than the Viking 2 lander. Viking 2 was powered by a nuclear cell whereas Spirit is powered by solar arrays. Mars [MSM 25]
Opportunity rover 2003 07/07 NASA Opportunity remains active as of March 15, 2018, having exceeded its operating plan by 13 years, 323 days (in Earth time). Opportunity has continued to move, make scientific observations, and report back to Earth for over 55 times its designed lifespan. In December 2014, NASA reported that Opportunity was suffering from "amnesia" events in which the rover fails to write data, e.g. telemetry information, to non-volatile memory. The hardware failure is believed to be due to an age-related fault in one of the rover's seven memory banks. As a result, NASA had aimed to force the rover's software to ignore the failed memory bank, however amnesia events continued to occur which eventually resulted in vehicle resets. In light of this, on Sol 4027 (May 23, 2015), the rover was configured to operate in RAM-only mode, completely avoiding the use of non-volatile memory for storage. As of March 15, 2018, Opportunity is still functioning on the surface of Mars, and is slated for further scientific exploration. It is currently parked in its 8th Martian winter and should 'wake up' around the end of March 2018. Mars [MSM 26]
Rosetta 2004 03/02 ESA The Rosetta mission orbited Comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko for 17 months and was designed to complete the most detailed study of a comet ever attempted. Rosetta's Philae lander successfully made the first soft landing on a comet nucleus when it touched down on Comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko on 12 November 2014. The probe also flew in the shadow of Mars. During that encounter, the solar panels could not be used since the craft was in the planet's shadow, where it would not receive any solar light for 15 minutes, causing a dangerous shortage of power. The craft was therefore put into standby mode, with no possibility to communicate, flying on batteries that were originally not designed for this task. This Mars manoeuvre was therefore nicknamed "The Billion Euro Gamble". The flyby was successful, with Rosetta even returning detailed images of the surface and atmosphere of the planet, and the mission continued as planned. Comet Mars [3]
[MSM 27]
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter 2005 08/12 NASA It has enough propellant to keep functioning into the 2030s. An article in the journal Science in September 2009, reported that some new craters on Mars have excavated relatively pure water ice. After being exposed, the ice gradually fades as it sublimates away. Mars [MSM 28]
New Horizons 2006 01/19 NASA Images from July 1 to 3, 2013 by LORRI were the first by the probe to resolve Pluto and Charon as separate objects. Pluto, Charon moons of Jupiter [MSM 29]
Juno 2011 08/05 NASA Juno carries a plaque to Jupiter, dedicated to Galileo Galilei. The spacecraft also carries three Lego minifigures representing Galileo, the Roman god Jupiter, and his sister and wife, the goddess Juno. Jupiter Earth [MSM 30]
Curiosity rover 2011 11/26 NASA In December 2012, Curiosity's two-year mission was extended indefinitely. On August 5, 2017, NASA celebrated the fifth anniversary of the Curiosity rover landing and related exploratory accomplishments on the planet Mars. Curiosity's design will serve as the basis for the planned Mars 2020 rover. As of March 15, 2018, Curiosity has been on Mars for 1993 sols (2047 total days) since landing on August 6, 2012. Mars [MSM 31]

Space telescopes

Name Year launched Date launched Operator Notes
Hipparcos 1989 08/08 ESA [MSM 32]
Hubble 1990 04/24 NASA [MSM 33]
SOHO 1995 12/02 NASA, ESA [Cluesforum 13][MSM 34]
Odin 2001 02/20 SSC (Sweden) [MSM 35]
Spitzer 2003 08/25 NASA [MSM 36]
Fermi 2008 06/11 NASA [MSM 37]
Kepler 2009 03/07 NASA [MSM 38]
Planck 2009 05/14 ESA [MSM 39]
Gaia 2013 12/19 ESA [MSM 40]
Astrosat 2015 09/28 ISRO (India) [MSM 41]

Exoplanets

It is claimed that hundreds of exoplanets have been discovered. The source of the discoveries varies from ground-based telescopes to the Keppler and Hubble Space Telescope space props.[MSM 42]

Name year date Discovered by
Space-based in bold
Description Type Location Notes
HD 114762 b 1989 05/04 McDonald Observatory First discovered exoplanet
"Suspected" in 1984, discovered in 1989
Confirmed in 1991
psience
Space
Texas [MSM 43]
[MSM 44]
51 Pegasi b 1995 10/06 La Silla Telescope First visible light discovered exoplanet psience
Space
Chile [MSM 45]
Formalhaut b 2003 11/13 Hubble Space Telescope First "directly imaged" exoplanet
Informally named after Semitic deity Dagon
psience
Space
Space [MSM 46]
[MSM 47]

Asteroids

Name year date Discovered by
Space-based in bold
Description Type Location Notes
911 Agamemnon 1919 03/19 Heidelberg Observatory The largest Jupiter trojans and a suspected binary asteroid from the Greek camp, approximately 160 km (100 mi) in diameter psience
Space
Germany [MSM 48]

Pictures of Earth

Allegedly the first so-called photo of the Earth was taken by Apollo 8 in 1968.[MSM 49] But there is an earlier one, from Lunar Orbiter 5 in 1967.[MSM 50]

See also

References

Fakeologist

Clues Forum

Other

Mainstream

  1. Wikipedia: Vostok I
  2. Wikipedia: Apollo 13
  3. Wikipedia: Skylab
  4. Wikipedia: Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster
  5. Wikipedia - Pale Blue Dot
  6. Wikipedia: Space Shuttle Endeavour
  7. Wikipedia - International Space Station
  8. Wikipedia - Max Shuttleworth
  9. Wikipedia: Mars Science Laboratory
  10. Wikipedia: Curiosity
  11. Wikipedia - List of missions to Mercury
  12. Wikipedia - List of missions to Venus
  13. Wikipedia - List of missions to Mars
  14. Wikipedia - List of outer planetary missions
  15. Wikipedia - Mariner 10
  16. Wikipedia - Viking 1
  17. Wikipedia - Voyager 2
  18. Wikipedia - Pioneer 12
  19. Wikipedia - Mars Global Surveyor
  20. Wikipedia - Mars Pathfinder
  21. Wikipedia - Cassini-Huygens
  22. Wikipedia - 2001 Mars Odyssey
  23. Wikipedia - Mars Express
  24. Wikipedia - Beagle 2
  25. Wikipedia - Spirit
  26. Wikipedia - Opportunity rover
  27. Wikipedia - Rosetta
  28. Wikipedia - Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
  29. Wikipedia - New Horizons
  30. Wikipedia - Juno
  31. Wikipedia - Curiosity rover
  32. Wikipedia - Hipparcos Space Telescope
  33. Wikipedia - Hubble Space Telescope
  34. Wikipedia - SOHO Space Telescope
  35. Wikipedia - Odin Space Telescope
  36. Wikipedia - Spitzer Space Telescope
  37. Wikipedia - Fermi Space Telescope
  38. Wikipedia - Kepler Space Telescope
  39. Wikipedia - Planck Space Telescope
  40. Wikipedia - Gaia Space Telescope
  41. Wikipedia - Astrosat Space Telescope
  42. Wikipedia - List of exoplanet firsts
  43. Wikipedia - HD 114762 b
  44. Wikipedia - HD 114762 b (fr)
  45. Wikipedia - 51 Pegasi b
  46. Wikipedia - Formalhaut b
  47. Wikipedia - Dagon
  48. Wikipedia - 911 Agamemnon
  49. Wikipedia - Apollo 8
  50. Wikipedia - Lunar Orbiter 5