7 thoughts on “What does NASA stand for?

  1. Daydream Believer

    Take away from this what you will.

    Nasi (Arabic: ; lit. “postponement”) is a concept mentioned by the Qur’an and linked to the four forbidden months.[1] In pre-Islamic Arabia, the decision of postponement was administered by the tribe of Kinanah,[2] by a man known as the al-Qalammas (pl. qal?misa).[3] Different interpretations of its meaning have been proposed.
    Some scholars, both Muslim[4][5] and Western,[1][2] maintain that the pre-Islamic calendar used in Central Arabia was a purely LUNAR calendar similar to the modern Islamic calendar. According to this view, Nasi is related to the Pagan practices of the Meccan Arabs, where they would alter the distribution of the forbidden months within a given year without implying a calendar manipulation.

    Hillel II (Hebrew:, Hillel the NASI), also known simply as Hillel held the office of NASI of the ancient Jewish Sanhedrin between 320 and 385 CE. He was the son and successor of Judah III. He was a Jewish communal and religious authority, circa 330 – 365 CE. He is sometimes confused with Hillel the Elder, as the Talmud sometimes simply uses the name “Hillel”.
    Rabbinic tradition ascribes to him an enactment which proved of incalculable benefit to his coreligionists of his own and of subsequent generations. The Jewish calendar is LUNISOLAR. That is, its months are synchronized with the phases of the MOON, but its average year length approximates the mean length of a solar year. The purpose of the latter is to ensure that the festivals, all of which occur on fixed dates of the LUNAR months, are also observed each year in the seasons designated for them in the Bible. To ensure the former, occasional intercalations of a day in a month were required; to ensure the latter, occasional intercalations of an extra month in a year were required.

    From Wikipedia:
    Nasi is a Hebrew title meaning prince in Biblical Hebrew, Prince (of the Sanhedrin) in Mishnaic Hebrew, or president in Modern Hebrew.

    Genesis and Ancient Israel
    The noun nasi occurs 132 times in the Masoretic Text of the Hebrew Bible, and in English is usually translated “prince,” occasionally “captain.” The first use is for the twelve “princes” who will descend from Ishmael, in Genesis 17, and the second use, in Genesis 23, is the Hethites recognising Abraham as “a godly prince” (nasi elohim .

    In the book of Leviticus, in the rites of sacrifices for leaders who err, there is the special offering made by a “Nasi”. The Talmudic book of Horayot actually defines this to mean the king.

    In the book of Numbers, the leaders of each tribe is referred to as a Nasi and each one brings a gift to the Tabernacle, 12 consecutive days, with each one being listed individually by name even though they all brought the same set of gifts.

    Later in the history of Ancient Israel the title of nasi was given to the political ruler of Judea – e.g. Lev 4:22; Ezek 44:2-18; Ezra 1:8 (comp. Yer. Hor. 3:2).

    Second Temple period
    During the Second Commonwealth (c. 530 BCE – 70 CE), the nasi was the highest-ranking member and president of the Sanhedrin or Assembly, including when it sat as a criminal court. The position was created in c. 191 BCE when the Sanhedrin lost confidence in the ability of the High Priest to serve as its head.[1] The Romans recognised the nasi as Patriarch of the Jews, and required all Jews to pay him a tax for the upkeep of that office, which ranked highly in the Roman official hierarchy.

    Late Roman empire to medieval period
    This position as patriarch or head of court was reestablished by the Romans after the Bar-Kokhba revolt in 135 CE.[citation needed] This made ha-Nasi a power which both Jews and Romans respected. The Jewish community in Babylonia also recognized him. The Nasi had controlled leadership and served as a political representative to the authorities while the religious leadership was led by Torah scholars. The Nasi had the power to appoint and suspend communal leaders inside and outside of Israel. The Romans respected the nasi and gave extra land and let control of own self-supported taxes. Under Jewish law, the intercalary thirteenth month in the Hebrew calendar, Adar Bet, was announced by the nasi.[2]

    Gamaliel VI was the last nasi. He died in 425 CE, after which Emperor Theodosius II,[citation needed] suppressed the office of the patriarchate. The patriarchal tax was diverted to the Roman treasury from 426.

    The term nasi was later applied to those who held high offices in the Jewish community and Jews who held prominence in the courts of non-Jewish rulers. Certain great figures from Jewish history have used the title, including Judah the Prince (Judah haNasi), the chief redactor of the Mishnah.

    The nasi were also prevalent during the 8th century Frankish kingdom. They were a highly privileged group in Carolingian France. The Jews have collaborated with King Pepin to end Muslim rule over their city in 759. The Jews accepted surrender and Pepin was able to hold off the Saracens in Spain. Pepin rewarded the Jews with land and privileges such as the right to judicial and religious autonomy under rule of their own leadership. The heirs of the King and nasi held a close relationship until the tenth century.

    Modern Hebrew]

    In Modern Hebrew, nasi means president, and is not used in its classical sense. The word for prince is now nasich.

    Much more recently, Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz has taken the title nasi, in an attempt to re-establish the Sanhedrin in its judicial capacity as the Supreme Court of Judaism.

  2. simonshack

    My personal favorite is the most commonly-known / circulating acronym (almost a “household-word” by now – among NASA critics and researchers!) for “NASA”:
    Never A Straight Answer

    However – and FIY :
    “The name Issachar comes from the Hebrew word yissakar. It means “he will bring a reward.” It comes from the root word nasa meaning “to lift, to advance, arise, bring forth, carry away, exalt, high, hold up, lofty, raise up etc.
    source: www.thejoshlink.com/article10….

    And here is a dictionary link to back it up:
    “NASA” (hebrew lexicon)
    “to lift, lift up – to lift oneself up, rise up – to bear, carry, support – to be lifted up, be exalted – …”
    source: www.biblestudytools.com/lexico…

    Sounds like a great name for an agency which claims to lift / raise up / carry rockets and asstronots up, up, up – and all the way into the vacuum of space (to-keep-orbiting-earth-at-hypersonic-speeds-with-no-more-fuel- needed…)

    Tall tales indeed. Let’s hope NASA doesn’t do too much damage to this earth – the day it tumbles to the ground.

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