1978 Jonestown massacre
|Type 1||mass suicide|
|Type 2||myth creation, cult|
|• Colonia Dignidad (1960s+)||• Invasion of Grenada (1983)|
• Waco Siege (1993)
|Zal rule||Guyana Tragedy:|
The Story of Jim Jones (1980)
The Sacrament (2013)
The Jonestown massacre was a massacre mass suicide psyop taking place on November 18, 1978 in Jonestown, British Guyana. Cult leader Jim Jones instructs followers to commit 'Revolutionary Suicide' by drinking cyanide-laced fruit drink. Prescriptive programming for Waco Siege (1993). Zal rule: Guyana Tragedy: The Story of Jim Jones (1980), The Sacrament (2013).
|• The Peoples Temple Agricultural Project, better known by its informal name "Jonestown", was a remote settlement established by the Peoples Temple, an American cult under the leadership of reverend Jim Jones, in north Guyana. It became internationally notorious when, on November 18, 1978, a total of 918 [other sources speak of 909][MSM 1] people died in the settlement, at the nearby airstrip in Port Kaituma, and at a Temple-run building in Georgetown, Guyana's capital city. The name of the settlement became synonymous with the incidents at those locations.|
• A total of 918 individuals died in Jonestown, all but two from apparent cyanide poisoning, in an event termed "revolutionary suicide" by Jones and some members on an audio tape of the event and in prior discussions. The poisonings in Jonestown followed the murder of five others by Temple members at Port Kaituma, including United States Congressman Leo Ryan, an act that Jones ordered. Four other Temple members committed murder-suicide in Georgetown at Jones' command.
|• Jones was born on May 13, 1931 in a rural area of Crete, Indiana, to James Thurman Jones (1887–1951), a World War I veteran, and Lynetta Putnam (1902–1977). Jones was of Irish and Welsh descent.; he later claimed partial Cherokee ancestry through his mother, but his maternal second cousin later stated this was likely untrue. Economic difficulties during the Great Depression necessitated that Jones' family move to the town of Lynn in 1934, where he grew up in a shack without plumbing.|
• As a child, Jones was a voracious reader who studied Josif Stalin, Karl Marx, Mao Zedong, Mahatma Gandhi and Adolf Hitler carefully, noting the strengths and weaknesses of each. Jones also developed an intense interest in religion, primarily because he found making friends difficult. Childhood acquaintances later recalled Jones as being a "really weird kid" who was "obsessed with religion ... obsessed with death". They alleged that he frequently held funerals for small animals on his parents' property and had stabbed a cat to death.
Allegedly, Jonestown was located in the northwesternmost province of Guayana. Guyana was a British colony until 1960 and incorporated in the Commonwealth in 1970. The province, today named Barima-Waini, then Northwest Province, has approximately 20,000 km2 (7800 sq mi) and a population of around 17,000 in 1978.
Jonestown was in the middle of the jungle, close to the border with Venezuela, that claims this part of Guyana. The only village nearby, where also the airstrip is where allegedly Leo Ryan and others died in the massacre is Port Kaituma: "it was only after the discovery of manganese at nearby Matthew's Ridge that Port Kaituma was developed. As Matthew's Ridge was not located on a navigable river, a canal was cut from the Kaituma River and a port constructed, becoming known as Port Kaituma. At the time of the manganese mining, Port Kaituma had three separate areas. The mine managers' house and the guest house were in a large clearing separated by a short road through the forest from the main rail-head and manganese loading facility. A longer road lead in the opposite direction to the area known as 'Bottom Floor' where the workers lived. The manganese was transported from Matthew's Ridge via a 40-mile railway and then shipped from Port Kaituma to Chaguaramas Bay in Trinidad, from where it was distributed for industrial use with a large proportion going to Stavanger in Norway. The project was operated by subsidiaries of Union Carbide."[MSM 4]
Manganese mining in the middle of nowhere surrounded by natives and ex-slaves needs a strong military presence.
"[W]ithin Port Kaituma a large secondary school was constructed to educate students sent from all over Guyana. During its heyday, the school boasted over 800 students, of which most were housed in two large dormitory buildings."[MSM 4]
At the time of the Jonestown massacre, there was a military airplane of the Guyanese army -allegedly- stranded on the airstrip.[MSM 5]
- Video The Life and Death of Peoples Temple (2006)[MSM 1]
- Pulitzer Travelling fellow, 1967; recipient Meyer Berger award for Distinguished Reporting Columbia University, 1978 (around the time of "Jonestown"). Served to captain United States Marine Corps, 1963-1966 [age 22-25].
- reporter, foreign correspondent for Africa, New York Times, New York City, 1977-1980, [yet Guyana is in South America]
- Gaia: so the mother of Carey Winfrey was a Robinson, as was the alleged father of Orpah Winfrey, what are the odds??
- While the Jonestown massacre was reported by Carey Winfrey...
- The father of Jim Jones Sr., James Thurman Jones, is buried at Mount Zion cemetery.[MSM 9]
- Another James Thurman Jones, his son and Jim Jones' 4 year elder brother?, was also from Indiana.[MSM 10]
- Allegedly his father was James Robert Ewell Jones, but this is shown as a calculated relationship[MSM 11]
- The grandfather of Jim Jones Sr. was John Henry Jones. His mother was Sarah Stauffer, daughter of Hannah Stauffer.[MSM 12]
- The father of John Henry Jones was Warren Jones, son of Edmund Jones and Ruth Jarrett. His sister was Sarah, married to Phineas Lamb, who previously married Hulda Bundy, daughter of Josiah (born on 11/11) and Huldah Bundy.[MSM 13]
- John Henry Jones married Mary Catherine Shank, daughter of Jacob and Sarah Shank.[MSM 14]
- The entries of Sarah and Warren Jones and more at Geni are governed by (((Jonathan Seth Wolfson)))
- So Jim Jones can claim "Irish and Welsh ancestry", but "jewish-German" comes closer...
- The flight Lane caught to Georgetown Guyana, the day after his [ ] Grace speech before the HSCA was a detour, but a continuation down he had been traveling for some time. The Rev. Jim Jones was a social idealist with a totalitarian bent, an integrationist whose colony had become segregated. Lane first visited Jonestown in September 1978, shortly after his obstreperous representation of James Earl Ray before the HSCA. The introduction to Jones had been made by Lane's long- time factotum, Donald Freed, whom Jones had selected to write the official biography of the Peoples Temple. Lane and Freed had coauthored the 1973 novelization about the Kennedy assassination, Executive Action. Jim Jones was under the suspicion that the growing failures of his jungle commune were attributable to the FBI and CIA. "I told him ... you don't have to overreact," says Lane now. "You don't have to be paranoid. There's a lawful way to get this material [intelligence agency files] and if there's agents there, there's a lawful way to deal with them."
Lane was paid a $10,000 retainer by Jones to file Freedom of Information Act suits against the intelligence agencies and to wage a counterattack against the negative publicity that was beginning to appear against the Peoples Temple. The suits were never filed, but Lane did vigorously lobby the National Enquirer against running a derogatory account, and he met with parents of Temple members to dissuade them from taking legal action. Although the media typically criticize Lane for being in it for the money, he has rarely played the hired-gun role to a high-paying client, a traditional role in the legal profession. The considerable money he has made over the years, while welcome, has mostly been a side-effect of his quest for fame. On behalf of Jim Jones, Lane was, for the first time in ages, a well-paid legal counsel. And, for the first time since he campaigned for JFK, Lane was cruising in someone else's wake.
Lane has said that he accompanied Congressman Leo Ryan's fact-finding mission to Jonestown in order to have a calming influence on Jones. This is hard to imagine, considering Lane's track record for escalating conflicts. Lane had denounced the FBI and CIA too vigorously for too long, receiving too much adulation in the process, for him ever to decline to see them where he could. Jim Jones had chosen his counsel well.
When the holocaust started, on November 18, Lane and attorney Charles Garry were shepherded to a shack on the periphery of the Peoples Temple compound. "We're all going to die," the armed guard gleefully announced.
Lane's back was up against the wall. In the distance, over the camp loudspeaker system, Jim Jones could be heard exhorting his minions to drink up. "If we die," Lane asked the guard, "who will tell the story?" The guard's ears perked up. "If you kill us," Lane continued, "there will be no one left to tell of the glories of Jonestown." The guard lowered his weapon, opened the door and pointed to the jungle. Lane dashed out. He was free to tell another ghost story.
Since the holocaust last November, Lane has eagerly immersed himself in the subsequent controversies. He has been the counsel and media chaperone for Terri Buford, the young Berkeley journalism dropout who was Jim Jones' treasurer and trusted underling. His book on Jonestown, based on Buford's recollections, insights and purloined files, as well as his own, is scheduled for fall publication. And his whirlwind, coast-to-coast lecture tour, entitled "The Jonestown Horror: An Eyewitness Account," visited almost as many college campuses this past semester as spring fever.
Lane's line on Jonestown is essentially this: the suicidal lunacy of Jim Jones was a fact concealed from Congressman Leo Ryan by the State Department and the CIA, who feared the mass defection of this socialist utopia to the Soviet Union. With skillful suggestiveness, Lane elaborates: "We will get the truth about Jonestown and when we do, I hope we do not discover that someone in the U.S. State Department said, 'We can't have 1,000 poor women and blacks defecting to the Soviet Union; we can't have such a propaganda nightmare.' I hope we do not find that someone in the State Department said, 'Better let them die in the jungles of Guyana.' "
Booked at $2,750 per lecture, Lane delivered some 40 such programs.
Lane's financial boom with the Guyana issue has rankled the media like never before. There have been editorials calling him a ghoul, a scavenger and a graverobber; an investigative profile on the front page of the Sunday New York Times, a wholesale attack in Esquire, a spread in Newsweek.
Nasty as this new invective has been, Lane has not been significantly injured by it. During his years in the limelight, he has developed a sado-masochistic relationship with the media that is perversely perfect in its capacity to satisfy both partners. Lane loves to see his name in print, to watch his face on the screen, to hear his voice over the airwaves. Hating him as they do, the media can't help but vilify him in the only way they know how—in print, on the screen, across the airwaves.
And oh, how he makes the press rail and blather. Tom Snyder got so angry at Lane's Guyana routine during his Tomorrow show appearance, that when Lane switched the subject by insisting that the public has the right to know who killed President Kennedy, Snyder reflexively challenged, "Why Mark? Why do we have the right to know?"
Perhaps aware that names don't seem to hurt him, two agencies of the law may be attempting to take up sticks and stones. The New York Bar Association has received a formal complaint regarding Lane's Guyana-related activities, centering on The Washington Post's claim that he kept secret his knowledge that Rep. Leo Ryan's party was being fed drug-laced sandwiches. The complaint could lead to disbarment proceedings against Lane. Also, the Los Angeles Office of District Attorney confirms that a criminal investigation is being conducted into the circumstances under which Lane was paid $7,500 by the Peoples Temple to kill a derogatory National Enquirer story.
Cyril Magnin was a cousin of Los Angeles based Rabbi-to-the-stars Edgar Magnin, who you may recall was Mae Brussell's father. Thus it appears that while Mae was calling out Jonestown as a CIA mind control experiment, her relative was, at least outwardly, one of Jones' more powerful supporters. Additionally, Cyril Magnin looks to have been well connected politically as his cousin Rabbi Edgar was.[CF 2]
"Then for a decade he served as the embattled chief counsel for the Black Panthers, defending Huey Newton, Bobby Seale and Eldridge Cleaver with such a flair for courtroom dramatics that one policeman, under intense questioning, jumped from the witness stand and pulled his gun on Garry."
And if you haven't cracked a grin or uttered a WTF by now, perhaps this one will do.
"I think Jones intended to have us shot," says Garry, who was taken with Lane to a guesthouse as Jones' followers massed around the vat of poison. "Pretty soon two young men with guns at the ready came to us. They said they were ready to die and happy about it, because they were going to expose this racist, fascist society. Mark very quickly said, 'Charles and I will write about you.' I think that saved our lives. They said okay and hugged us. We bid them goodbye and left."
- Terri Buford was in Peoples Temple for seven years (1971-1978). She lived in Jonestown for the better part of a year in 1977 and 1978. She defected from the Temple three weeks before the massacre. [to go live with Mark Lane in Memphis].
- Tim Carter lived in Jonestown and escaped on the final day.
- Laura (Johnston) Kohl was a member of Peoples Temple in California and in Guyana. She lived in Jonestown but was working in Georgetown on 18 November.
- Jordan Vilchez became a member of Peoples Temple as a teenager when her family joined. She was in Georgetown, Guyana on November 18, 1978, but her sisters and nephews died in Jonestown. She was on the Planning Commission and is familiar with many inner workings of the organization.
- Mike Touchette was among the original pioneers who built Jonestown. He and his wife were in Georgetown on November 18, but several family members died in Jonestown.
- Eugene Smith joined Peoples Temple in 1973 and lived in the Temple's San Francisco commune before leaving for Jonestown in fall 1977. He was in Georgetown on November 18 clearing items from customs. Numerous members of his family – including his mother, wife, and infant son – died in Jonestown.
- list of Peoples Temple members who were in Guyana on 18 November 1978 and who survived the deaths in Jonestown, Georgetown, and the Port Kaituma airstrip. There are 87 individuals on this list. Those who are known to have died or who are presumed to be dead – because of their age at the time – are listed in red type.
- In this May 12, 2011 file photo, Jim Jones Jr., the adopted son of Jim Jones (left) and John Cobb, who lost 10 relatives in the Jonestown tragedy, stand near a Jonestown memorial at Evergreen Cemetery in Oakland, Calif.
Three high-ranking Temple survivors claimed they were given an assignment and thereby escaped death. Tim Carter and his brother Mike, aged 30 and 20, and Mike Prokes, 31, were given luggage containing $550,000 in U.S. currency, $130,000 in Guyanese currency, and an envelope, which they were told to deliver to the Soviet embassy in Georgetown.[MSM 2]
No deaths reported
- Noted by lux at Cluesforum:[CF 4]
Many of the "bodies" are like this in the photos -- all neat and tidy and lined up side by side, mostly facing down, many resting their faces on their arms, some with an arm lovingly around another. All appearing to have "died" as gently and peacefully as can be.
These people supposedly died form drinking Kool-Aid laced with cyanide. Here is a description of death by cyanide from Time magazine:
"Cyanide suffocates. It stops oxygen consumption by body tissues. It is hot and bitter when swallowed, produces nausea and a splitting headache. The throat tightens, and the victim gasps for breath, reels, stares wildly without seeing, is seized by convulsions, and falls unconscious. Then, like an expiring balloon, his laboring lungs and heart slowly collapse...."[MSM 16]
Somehow the "dead" in these photos don't look like they were "seized by convulsions and then fell unconscious." They look like they all laid down and played sleepy-time for the camera.
Funny how these "horrifying" events turn into ridiculous bullshit when you actually look at them with an eye toward uncovering the fakery.
- Mainstream description of the military involvement in the aftermath of the "massacre":[MSM 18]
Within hours of the attack, the State Department “asked for assistance” from the 437th Military Airlift Wing (MAW) stationed at Charleston Air Force Base (AFB) in South Carolina. An airlift capability was required to retrieve the survivors and the victims of the congressman’s party and to take down medical personnel. The Military Airlift Command (MAC) had been mobilized. By 0805Z (Zulu time according to official records) [Zulu time is GMT, 4 hours later than Guyana, so @ 04:05 in Guyana time] the first flight containing the 31st Aeromedical Evacuation Team from the 315 MAW (Reserve) had left Charleston AFB headed for Guyana. A C-141, tail number 40647, became the first of 46 C-141 flights to be used in the as yet unnamed mission; 45 were officially a part of the Joint Task Force.
The first mission number was AVN1017-01, piloted by Capt. Tim House, and the lead physician was Lt Col Fred O. Bargatze, USAF. Their task, to evacuate the injured in a “politically-sensitive” environment, was left partially unclear. The sensitive nature of the mission was most likely due to several factors. First, the Government of Guyana (GOG), having already limited resources, wanted nothing to do with remedying what was ostensibly an American problem. One key request that highlights the Guyanese lack of preparedness was its appeal to the American State Department for fairly simple supplies, including 150 sleeping bags, five small electric generators, five HP outboard motors, two UH-1 (Huey) helicopters with crews, one U-21 (small twin engine aircraft) with crew, a 1 ¼ ton truck, one week’s worth of C-Rations, and blankets to support the field operations of up to 150 Guyanese Defense Force (GDF) personnel stationed at Jonestown. Second, the information coming from Guyana was scant at best, and wrong at worst. Third, in world history, an assassination of a foreign diplomatic official has led to armed conflict, but in this case, an American congressman had been murdered by Americans. The unknown nature of the mission required an added level of caution. Therefore, the aircraft transported four Air Force Combat Controllers (CCT) led by Capt John Buck, to provide aircraft security during the initial ground operations.
To add more confusion to the situation in Jonestown, on Monday, November 20, the State Department went to the other extreme and reported that there were no “living persons there.” This was untrue. Several people had survived the massacre, including two elderly people: Hyacinth Thrash, who slept through the carnage only to awaken to a “ghost town” [sure!!]; and Grover Smith, who hid in the jungle. By the time Jeff Brailey and the medical staff arrived in Jonestown, thanks to a Guyanese Huey (UH-1H), most of the survivors had been transported out of the area. Some, like Stephan Jones, the son of Jim Jones, returned to Jonestown to help identify the bodies. Due to the scale of the recovery and Guyana’s inadequate resources, an airlift was ordered and Dover AFB was prepped to receive the deceased.
A key element in the mission was delivering the bodies to the capital for transfer to the States. This task was assigned to Howard AFB in Panama. Their mission was to send helicopters to transport the bodies from Jonestown to Georgetown. The contingent included three HH-53s (Jolly Green Giants), whose mission involved one of the more gruesome tasks: ferrying body bags. Following each flight, the helicopters were washed out with a fire hose, yet in one official report, Capt Skinner of the Medical Service Corps, US Army, ordered the HH-53 helicopters from Howard AFB to be stripped of insulation and thoroughly washed after the mission for “public health purposes.”
- Jonestown The Life and Death of Peoples Temple - 2006
- Wikipedia - Jonestown
- Wikipedia - Jim Jones
- Wikipedia - Port Kaituma
- 2017 - Guinn - The Road to Jonestown: Jim Jones and Peoples Temple, p.422
- Bloomberg - Carey Winfrey
- Prabook - Carey Winfrey
- Oprah.com - Interview Jim Jones Jr.
- Find a Grave - James Thurman Jones (1887)
- Find a Grave - James Thurman Jones (1927)
- Find a Grave - James Robert Ewell Jones (1902)
- Geni - Sarah Stauffer
- Geni - Phineas Lamb
- Geni - Jacob Shank
- Mark Lane
- Time - Cyanide
- No evacuation of fluids after death
- Jonestown.edu - The U.S. Military In Guyana: The Untold Story, by Chris Knight-Griffin
- Jonestown Cult Suicides - The True Story - Documentary
- American Experience Jonestown
- Seconds from Disaster - Jonestown Cult Suicide
- Deceived - The Jonestown Tragedy | Documentary by Mel White
- Rare 1978 Special report: "Horrors of Jonestown"
- Jonestown FBI "Death Tape" Full Version
- The Final Report-Jonestown Documentary
- Escape From Jonestown
- Jonestown Mass Suicide Tape
- Jim Jones Jonestown Nightmare in Paradise
- The Truth About Jonestown
- Jonestown and the CIA: The Kool Aid Deception - conspiracy view
- The Black Hole of Guyana - The Untold Story of the Jonestown Massacre - conspiracy view by John Judge (JFK conspiracy theorist)
- Under the Spell of Jim Jones nine hundred people dead in Jonestown Hollywood Fakery Exposed - media fakery view
- Deep Thoughts Radio - Cults - broader view